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US President Donald Trump threw another political bombshell into the Middle East sphere on Wednesday, upending Washington’s longtime cautious position by recognising Jerusalem as the capital of Israel and initiating the move of the US embassy in the years to come.

Former US negotiators and experts who follow the Israeli-Palestinian conflict were divided in their assessment of Mr Trump’s decision. While some told The National it undermines the US standing and credibility, others viewed it as a natural diplomatic and political move that enjoys a mandate from US Congress.

Dennis Ross, former US envoy and current Distinguished Fellow at The Washington Institute for Near East Policy

The challenge for the Trump Administration now is to make very clear that the final status of Jerusalem must still be negotiated and that the the president’s statement in no way prejudges the outcome in Jerusalem or prejudices Palestinian claims and rights in the city. The fact that he said that the boundaries of Israeli sovereignty in Jerusalem must be negotiated indicates that competing Israeli and Palestinian claims must be resolved through negotiations. But reaffirmation and repetition of these points to Arab audiences will be needed to counteract the effort by some to say the US has simply adopted Israel’s position.

Martin Indyk, former US envoy, and current executive vice president of the Brookings Institution

This is a decision bound to make everybody unhappy at best and very angry at worst. Palestinian aspirations In Jerusalem appear to be ignored. Israeli claims to the sovereignty over the Temple Mount appear to go unrecognised. Recognition appears to be ethereal rather than geographical since it “doesn’t touch boundaries.” If your account is accurate its too clever by half.

Yousef Munayyer, Executive Director of The US Campaign for Palestinian Rights,

A decision such as this is both morally wrong and politically dangerous. Not only is Donald Trump deliberately insulting the Palestinian people, but also Arabs and Muslims around the world. In doing so, he is relinquishing what little credibility the United States had left in a region that is already rife with conflict and division. The United States has attempted to shepherd the so-called “peace process” on the basis that it can play the role of mediator but by clearly adopting an Israeli position as its own, it makes clear it is not even pretending anymore.

Danielle Pletka, senior vice president for foreign and defense policy studies at the American Enterprise Institute

Jerusalem is more a symbol than a territorial negotiation. And Talmudic debates about the relative holiness of the Temple Mount, or Haram el Sharif to Muslims, versus the established holiness of the site to the Second Temple to Jews, are just that. Talmudic. These are religious matters, and should not factor into diplomatic or political negotiations. Why? Because diplomats have no place adjudicating holiness. Seems obvious, no?

So why are we fussing about this Trump decision? Partly because many do not in fact accept the legitimacy of Israeli rule over any part of Jerusalem, an argument that should be unacceptable to Americans.

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